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ASP.NET Page Events Lifecycle

February 6, 2011 Leave a comment
Page Event Typical Use
PreInit Raised after the start stage is complete and before the initialization stage begins.Use this event for the following:

  • Check the IsPostBack property to determine whether this is the first time the page is being processed. The IsCallback and IsCrossPagePostBack properties have also been set at this time.
  • Create or re-create dynamic controls.
  • Set a master page dynamically.
  • Set the Theme property dynamically.
  • Read or set profile property values.
    NoteNote

    If the request is a postback, the values of the controls have not yet been restored from view state. If you set a control property at this stage, its value might be overwritten in the next event.

Init Raised after all controls have been initialized and any skin settings have been applied. The Init event of individual controls occurs before the Init event of the page.Use this event to read or initialize control properties.
InitComplete Raised at the end of the page’s initialization stage. Only one operation takes place between the Init and InitComplete events: tracking of view state changes is turned on. View state tracking enables controls to persist any values that are programmatically added to the ViewState< collection. Until view state tracking is turned on, any values added to view state are lost across postbacks. Controls typically turn on view state tracking immediately after they raise their Init event.Use this event to make changes to view state that you want to make sure are persisted after the next postback.
PreLoad Raised after the page loads view state for itself and all controls, and after it processes postback data that is included with the Request instance.
Load The Page object calls the OnLoad method on the Page object, and then recursively does the same for each child control until the page and all controls are loaded. The Load event of individual controls occurs after the Load event of the page.Use the OnLoad event method to set properties in controls and to establish database connections.
Control events Use these events to handle specific control events, such as a Button control’s Click event or a TextBox control’s TextChanged event.

NoteNote

In a postback request, if the page contains validator controls, check the IsValid property of the Page and of individual validation controls before performing any processing.

LoadComplete Raised at the end of the event-handling stage.Use this event for tasks that require that all other controls on the page be loaded.
PreRender Raised after the Page object has created all controls that are required in order to render the page, including child controls of composite controls. (To do this, the Page object calls EnsureChildControls for each control and for the page.)The Page object raises the PreRender event on the Page object, and then recursively does the same for each child control. The PreRender event of individual controls occurs after the PreRender event of the page.Use the event to make final changes to the contents of the page or its controls before the rendering stage begins.
PreRenderComplete Raised after each data bound control whose DataSourceID property is set calls its DataBind method. For more information, see Data Binding Events for Data-Bound Controls later in this topic.
SaveStateComplete Raised after view state and control state have been saved for the page and for all controls. Any changes to the page or controls at this point affect rendering, but the changes will not be retrieved on the next postback.
Render This is not an event; instead, at this stage of processing, the Page object calls this method on each control. All ASP.NET Web server controls have a Render method that writes out the control’s markup to send to the browser.If you create a custom control, you typically override this method to output the control’s markup. However, if your custom control incorporates only standard ASP.NET Web server controls and no custom markup, you do not need to override the Render method. For more information, see Developing Custom ASP.NET Server Controls.A user control (an .ascx file) automatically incorporates rendering, so you do not need to explicitly render the control in code.
Unload Raised for each control and then for the page.In controls, use this event to do final cleanup for specific controls, such as closing control-specific database connections.For the page itself, use this event to do final cleanup work, such as closing open files and database connections, or finishing up logging or other request-specific tasks.

NoteNote

During the unload stage, the page and its controls have been rendered, so you cannot make further changes to the response stream. If you attempt to call a method such as the Response.Write method, the page will throw an exception.

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Categories: Architecture, ASP.NET Tags:

Master Page Events Lifecycle

February 6, 2011 Leave a comment

When using  master pages, the normal page event lifecycle is a little different. Here is the actual order of the events:

  1. Page.OnPreInit
  2. MasterPageControl.OnInit (for each control on the master page)
  3. Control.OnInit (for each contol on the page)
  4. MasterPage.OnInit
  5. Page.OnInit
  6. Page.OnInitComplete
  7. Page.LoadPageStateFromPersistenceMedium
  8. Page.LoadViewState
  9. MasterPage.LoadViewState
  10. Page.OnPreLoad
  11. Page.OnLoad
  12. MasterPage.OnLoad
  13. MasterPageControl.OnLoad (for each control on the master page)
  14. Control.OnLoad (for each control on the page)
  15. OnXXX (control event)
  16. MasterPage.OnBubbleEvent
  17. Page.OnBubbleEvent
  18. Page.OnLoadComplete
  19. Page.OnPreRender
  20. MasterPage.OnPreRender
  21. MasterPageControl.OnPreRender (for each control on the master page)
  22. Control.OnPreRender (for each control on the page)
  23. Page.OnPreRenderComplete
  24. MasterPageControl.SaveControlState (for each control on the master page)
  25. Control.SaveControlState (for each control on the page)
  26. Page.SaveViewState
  27. MasterPage.SaveViewState 
  28. Page.SavePageStateToPersistenceMedium
  29. Page.OnSaveStateComplete
  30. MasterPageControl.OnUnload (for each control on the master page)
  31. Control.OnUnload (for each control on the page)
  32. MasterPage.OnUnload
  33. Page.OnUnload
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